Six elements of effective writing are included in the English Test:punctuation, grammar, sentence structure, strategy, organization, andstyle. The questions covering punctuation, grammar, and sentencestructure make up the Usage/Mechanics subscore. The questions coveringstrategy, organization, and style make up the Rhetorical Skillssubscore.




  · Punctuation (13%). Questions in this category test your knowledge ofthe conventions of internal and end-of-sentence punctuation, withemphasis on the relationship of punctuation to meaning (for example,avoiding ambiguity, indicating appositives).

  · 标点符号(13%)这方面问题考察考生对标点在文章内和句子结尾的用法,重点考察举例、避免混淆、同位格方面的标点运用。

  · Grammar and Usage (16%). Questions in this category test yourunderstanding of agreement between subject and verb, between pronounand antecedent, and between modifiers and the word modified; verbformation; pronoun case; formation of comparative and superlativeadjectives and adverbs; and idiomatic usage.

  · 语法及运用(16%)这方面问题考察考生对主语和动词、代词和先行词、修饰语和被修饰词、动词形式、代词格、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级形式及习惯用法的理解。

  · Sentence Structure (24%). Questions in this category test yourunderstanding of relationships between and among clauses, placement ofmodifiers, and shifts in construction.