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Native Speakers是怎样描绘数字图表的?

考过12bet的同学有没有想到这样一点,假如让Native Speakers完结小作文中的数字图表类标题,那么怎样用地道的短语&句型来写出这种标题?来看看Native Speakers的应对吧!

 

数字图表

 

  see an upward trend 呈现出上升的趋势

  The housing market saw an upward trend in 2003.

  房地产商场在2003年呈现出了上升的趋势。

  反义:witness a downward trend 呈现出下降的趋势

  The prices of consumer goods witnessed a downward trend.

  消费品的价格呈现出下降的趋势。

  联想:see an opposite trend 呈现出相反的趋势

  In contrast, the cost of furniture and equipment saw an opposite trend.

  比较之下,家具和设备的费用则呈现出相反的趋势。

 

  rocket to... 急速上升至……

  The petrol price (汽油价格)rocketed to a record high.

  汽油价格急速飞升到了前史最高纪录。

  近义:soar to... 飞速上升至

  The rate of heart disease soared to 79 per 1,000 people.

  患心脏疾病的份额飞速上升至79%。

 

  peak at... 在某方位抵达最高点

  The figures show that the unemployment rate peaked at 9.8% in October.

  数据显现失业率在十月份到达了最高点9.

  近义:reach the highest point 抵达最高点

  The crime rate rose throughout (在整个…)the 1990s and reached the highest point in 2001.

  犯罪率在整个九十年代都在不断上升,直到2001年到达了高峰。

 

  a slump 下挫

  There was a slump in the demand for new cars in 2007.

  关于新车的需求在2007年有所下挫。

  近义:a decline 下降

  There was a substantial decline in the unemployment rate. 失业率有了显着的下降。

  fall consistently from... to... 从…继续下降到…

  After 2007,housing prices in the UK fell consistently through 2009.

  从2007年到2009年英国的房价一向在继续下降。

  近义:fall continuously from... to... 从…继续降至…

  The criminal-offence rate fell continuously from 2001 to 2011.

  刑事犯罪率从2001年开端到2011年,一向继续下降。

 

  plummet to… 骤降至

  That number rose to 3,900 by 2004 and then plummeted to 760 by 2008.

  这个数字在2004年到达了 3900,然后到了 2008年却猛然骤降到760。

  近义:drop swiftly to... 快速下降至…

  The number of full-time jobs generated by the retail industry dropped swiftly to 14,000.

  零售业所供给的全职岗位数量驟降至14000。

  反义:go up steeply to… 敏捷升至…

  Then the interest rate went up steeply to 4.2%.

  然后利率敏捷升至4.2%。

 

  bottom out 降至最低点

  The government claimed that the recession (阑珊)had bottomed out.

  政府声称经济阑珊现已要触底反弹了。

  近义:drop to its lowest level 降至最低点

  Inflation dropped to its lowest level in five years.

  通货膨胀率降到了近5年来的最低点。

 

  reach a plateau 进入平稳状况

  By 2002, this improvement had reached a plateau.

  到了 2002年,这种上升气势开端进入了一个平稳的阶段。

  近义:level out (at... ) / maintain the same level /remain stable 维持在(某个水平上)

  The number of cases of the disease remained relatively stable in 2009.

  在2009年,该病的病例数量维持在一个安稳的水平上。

  反义:fluctuate around... / fluctuate between...and…

  Their total leisure time per week fluctuated between 22 hours and 35 hours.

  他们每周的闲暇时刻在22个小时到35个小时刻上下动摇。

 

  ...is predicted. 某现象很可能将呈现

  A more dramatic rise is predicted between 2020 and 2025.

  到2020年至2025年期间可能会呈现一个戏剧性的添加。

  近义:…is anticipated. 某现象预期将发作

  A hike (n. 上升)in the oil price is anticipated.

  石油价格预期将会添加。

  联想:is projected to... / is forecast to... 估计将会…

  The figure is projected to reach 26.18% by 2050.

  到2050年,这个数字将会到达26.18%。

 

  exceed... 超越.

  The energy available exceeded the energy demand from the late 1960s to the early 1980s.

  从60年代末到80年代初期,动力一向是供大于求的。

  近义:surpass... 超越

  The growth rate of Molosop is expected to surpass that of Densaunt by 2035.

  Molosop的添加率被猜测在2035年将超越Densaunt的添加率。

 

  double (能够作形容词、名词或许动词) 两倍/翻倍

  The company profits doubled in 1998.

  这家公司在1998年寿一番。

  近义:be twice as many as... 两倍于…

  The number of consumer complaints in 2005 was twice as many as that in 2001.

  2005年中顾客投诉的数量是2001年数量的两倍。

  联想:be three times as many as... / be four times as many as...

  是某事物的三倍/四倍

  The number of hospitals in this region is three times as many as that in Laneo.

  这个区域医院的数量是Laneo的三倍。

 

  be in stark contrast with... 与…构成显着的比照

  This is in stark contrast with 1990 when 60% of those who held an undergraduate diploma were men.

  这和1990年时 60% 的本科学历持有者是男人的现实构成了显着的比照。

  近义:is in marked contrast with... 与…构成显着的比照

  This new trend is in marked contrast with the trend it experienced in the 1980s.

  这种新的潮流和在80年代曾盛行的潮流构成了显着的比照。

  联想:over the following... days / months / years 在之后的某段时刻里

  The number of patients fell sharply over the following three months.

  在之后的三个月里,患者的数量急剧下降。

 

  is only marginally more...than... 与…比较仅是略微更……

  Thus we can see that the new organization is only marginally more efficient than the old one.

  所以咱们能看出这个新的组织与旧的那家比较也仅仅略微更高效一点。

  近义:is only fractionally more... than... 与…比较仅略微更…

  The aging of the population is only fractionally faster than that in the last decade.

  现在人口老龄化的速度比较上个十年来说仅仅略微加快了一点。

  反义:is considerably more...than... 远比…愈加

  Keolho’s birth rate is considerably higher than that of Nowsba.

  Keolho的出生率远比Nowsba的要高。

 

  be composed of … 由…组成

  Team A was composed of five staff members.

  A组是由5名队员组成的。

  近义:consist of... 由…构成

  System B consists of six components.

  B体系是由6个元件组成的。

 

  in inverse proportion to... 成反比地

  The amount of money people save increases in inverse proportion to the amount they spend.

  人们省下的钱和他们花出的钱呈反比上升。

  反义:in proportion to... 成正比地

  The amount of energy consumed in this factory is in proportion to its number of products.

  这家工厂耗费的动力和它出产的产品数量成正比。

  the corresponding figure(某个数字)在另一组数据中所对应的数字

  While spending increased for equipment and insurance, there were corresponding drops in expenditure on things such as books and on workers’salaries.

  设备与稳妥的开销添加,而书本和工人工资等费用则呈现了相应的削减。

  联想:Interestingly, ... 风趣的是,……

  Interestingly,when there are three or more children in the household,men are found to work even fewer hours around the house.

  风趣的是,当家里 有三个或更多的孩子的时分,男人往往却会削减在家里千活的时刻。

  联想:Not surprisingly, ... 相应很天然的是,……

  Not surprisingly, the number of cases of the disease dropped to approximately 1,700 in 2008.

  很天然地,这种病的病例数在2008年降到了大约1700。

 

  whereas 而

  这个词常常被native speakers用来在书面的杂乱句中引导从句,与主句构成比照

  The graph indicates that on average men had 52 hours of leisure per week whereas women only had approximately 39 hours.

  这张图表显现均匀来说,男人每周能够具有52个小时的休闲时刻, 而女人只要39个小时。

  近义:while 而一起

  也常常用于在杂乱句中引导从句,与主句构成比照

  More men than women hold qualifications at the lower and higher levels of education while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men.

  越来越多的女人具有本科学历,而男性则更多地会集在更高或更低的学历区间中。